Driving your bike without two-wheeler insurance is a punishable crime. Driving a two-wheeler without an active insurance policy may lead to penalties. Hence, the best thing to do after buying a two-wheeler is to get a two-wheeler insurance. It not only provides coverage for the damage to the insured vehicle, but also takes care of the vehicle in case of theft.

In India, you will find two types of two-wheeler insurance policies. One of them is mandatory, while you can also add on the other policy to increase the coverage. The types of two-wheeler insurances that are available are enlisted below:

  1. Third-party Liability Insurance –This is the basic coverage and protects against the damages caused to the third-party physical injuries and damage to the vehicle.
  2. Comprehensive Insurance –As evident from the name, this insurance policy provides complete coverage, i.e. it covers the damage caused to the insured vehicle and the damage caused to the third-party vehicle. Own damage can be because of natural calamities or theft, or burglary or riots. This policy will not cover the loss of personal belongings, accidental loss or damage to the vehicle if you are driving under the influence of drugs or alcohol.
Factors Third-party two-wheeler insurance Comprehensive two-wheeler insurance
Coverage Limited coverage Wider coverage
Third-party liability Covered as a part of this insurance Covered as a part of this insurance
Own damage coverage No Yes
Personal accident coverage No Yes (add-ons)
Premium Low High
Mandatory by law Yes No
What does it cover This insurance policy provides coverage for:

Bodily injury or the death of the third-party
Damage to the property Total disability of the bike owner, or the death of the driver Personal accident coverage for the pillion rider
This policy provides personal accident coverage. It also protects against the cost that one incurs because of the damage. Coverage against bodily injury or death.

This briefly highlights the key aspect of both comprehensive insurance policy and third-party insurance. While third-party insurance is mandatory, one can also choose comprehensive coverage to ensure complete protection of their vehicle and cost coverage in case of damage. One also has the leverage to choose the add-ons to make the comprehensive coverage more suitable for their particular needs.